Even the brightest smile will spoil the plaque. Mineralized, it turns into tartar, which is usually formed in hard-to-reach places, from the inside of the tooth, on crowns and bridges. It can be seen with the naked eye - it is a solid formation near the gums or on the side surfaces, has a shade from light yellow to brown.
Causes of tartar
Dental calculus occurs when irregular or improper hygienic procedures of the oral cavity, bad habits and characteristics of the body.
- An improperly selected toothbrush or toothpaste is ineffective in removing plaque.
- The wrong structure of the dentition, the minimum space between the teeth.
- The habit of chewing food on one side.
- Tea, coffee, sweet and fatty contribute to the deposition of stone.
- When smoking, inhaled gums, settling on the teeth, bind food debris and bacteria. This plaque is difficult to clean and mineralizes faster.
- Alcohol creates an acidic environment that destroys the enamel and contributes to the formation of the problem.
- The composition of saliva, endocrine disorders.
Dental calculus consists of food debris, bacteria and microorganisms that create an acidic environment at the point of contact with the tooth. This destroys the enamel and causes caries.
- Naddesnevoy - at the point of contact between the gums and the tooth. More often on the incisors of the lower jaw and the large root of the cheeks. It has a light color from white to yellow. Smokers may have a darker color. You can even meet with teenagers.
- Poddesnevoy - located between the gum and the tooth, forming a kind of pocket in which bacteria multiply. Detected in patients after 35 years. Visible only on x-rays. The removal process is more complicated than with the supragingival form. Color - dark brown, greenish, black.
If the problem grows under the gum, inflammatory processes occur: gingivitis, paradontia, paradontosis or stomatitis. With these diseases, pus, entering the bloodstream, poisons the entire body, which can lead to inflammation of the endocrine glands and concomitant diseases.
Removal of the stone should be carried out regularly and necessarily, it will preserve the health of the teeth, gums, and will prevent periodontal disease and other diseases. The result of the cleaning will be a beautiful, snow-white smile.
Folk recipes and tools
Contrary to popular belief that tartar can only be removed with professional tools in the clinic, there are proven recipes for traditional medicine to eliminate at home.
Small pieces of radish chew for 5 minutes, then spit out and brush their teeth with paste. For the best effect, the radish is ground to a mushy state and lemon juice is added. Make compresses on problem areas, hold for about 5 minutes, rinse your mouth with water and brush your teeth. These procedures should be carried out 2-3 times a day.
Horsetail copes well with splitting plaque. To do this, 2 tablespoons of dry powder pour 200 ml of boiling water. Rinse the oral cavity twice a day for 3-5 minutes to achieve the desired result.
Soda is used as an independent tool, and in composition with other components. For cleaning problem areas take 2 teaspoons of soda, add a little water, stir to the state of porridge. Using a brush, porridge cleans the areas with a coating of 4-5 minutes, and rinsed with water. To the soda, you can add kitchen salt 1 to 1.
A good result can be obtained using the following composition: 3 drops of lemon juice and 15-20 drops of 3% hydrogen peroxide are added to 1 teaspoon of soda. The mixture is applied only on tartar, without touching the gums. After 3-5 minutes, rinse with water and rinse your mouth. Use soda once a day, as it injures the enamel.
Rinse your mouth with a solution of hydrogen peroxide. This method not only effectively dissolves tartar, but also disinfects the oral cavity. In 100 ml of warm water add 5 ml of hydrogen peroxide (3%). Rinse your teeth for 2 - 3 minutes and rinse with clean water.
Once a week you can make a compress with peroxide. Soak gauze (cotton wool) soaked in hydrogen peroxide for 3–4 minutes to the problem areas, then brush off with a hard toothbrush without using toothpaste.
To get rid of mineral deposits, brush your teeth with salt twice a day. To do this, use a high stiffness brush, pour salt on it, and clean for 3-5 minutes. The effect is noticeable after 2 weeks of use.
Despite the naturalness of the components, folk remedies can not be called sparing for tooth enamel. It is also worth noting that these methods can fight with the supragingival stone, they do not affect the subgingival form.
Professional removal methods
In addition to popular recipes, there are special tools for removing tartar, plaque and teeth whitening. Their feature is prevention, a careful effect on enamel, enamel restoration, which is important when carrying out household manipulations with teeth.
Dental floss is the best way to prevent dental deposits. Preferences should be given to thin silk threads. The procedure is more effective at bedtime. The thread will help prevent the formation of stone and relieve bad breath.
☞ Price: from 150 rub.
Royal denta silver
Royal denta silver toothpaste contains silver ions and chitosan, which actively remove plaque. The composition of natural ingredients - green tea extract and mint. Manufacturer Korea. Pasta visibly whitens teeth, protecting against the formation of tartar and fights its initial manifestations.
☞ Price: from 400 rub.
Global white - system for strengthening enamel with whitening effect. Manufacturers promise a noticeable result (clarification by 2-5 tones) in 2 weeks. When conducting a course at home, the enamel does not receive damage, and the sensitivity present is noticeably reduced. There is a special brush, paste, gel, retractor, rinse, pencil and foam in the set. Manufacturer - Russia. The effectiveness of the course is equivalent to professional bleaching in the clinic.
☞ Price: from 800 rub.
Deletion in the clinic
Due to various factors, it is not always possible to avoid the formation of tartar, with neglected forms of which are ineffective to fight at home. A periodontist, a dentist or a dentist is engaged in professional removal in the clinic. Having determined the degree of damage, the doctor determines the method of removal:
- mechanical removal;
- laser removal;
- ultrasonic cleaning;
- chemical treatment;
- air-abrasive method.
Air flow is a modern method of removing crystalline deposits, which belongs to the air-abrasive effect. The procedure is carried out on special equipment Air flow, where under the pressure of air and a special solution with abrasive micro grains is eliminated accumulation between the teeth and supragingival areas.
Baking soda is often abrasive grains. After the procedure, the enamel acquires a smooth, natural color. The method is suitable for cleansing dentures, crowns, implants, for cleansing with curved or close arrangement of teeth.
The disadvantage of the method is that the subgingival stones are not removed. Air flow is contraindicated in case of bronchopulmonary diseases, individual intolerance to soda and citrus, with thinning of enamel and high sensitivity of teeth, periodontitis.
Ultrasonic cleaning is one of the most popular procedures. It painlessly helps to get rid of plaque and stone, and gives a feeling of cleanliness and freshness in the mouth. This cleaning has a beneficial effect on the condition of the gums and enamels, without disturbing them.
After the procedure, hypersensitivity may appear, which passes over a couple of days. In the first days you need to brush your teeth after every meal. It is not recommended to use products with possible staining in the first days. Ultrasonic cleaning contraindications include: diseases of the lungs, bronchi, cardiac arrhythmia, hypersensitivity, the presence of dental implants. Ultrasound can cause a seal to drop out.
It is recommended to resort to professional cleaning not more than twice a year. In between, it is necessary to monitor the condition of the gums, enamel, tooth sensitivity and do everything to improve their condition.
Prevention of tartar
Prevention is as important as removal. After removal, prevention will be a series of simple, but important procedures.
- Brush your teeth twice a day.
- Change the brush after 3-4 months.
- Be sure to use dental floss overnight.
- To give up smoking.
- Use chewing gum for a few minutes after eating.
- Eat tough foods rich in fiber - carrots, apples.
- Limiting the consumption of sweets.
- Regular checkup at the dentist and timely treatment.
Prevention of tartar and the removal of plaque can be carried out at home, using both traditional medicine recipes and professional means. To solve more serious problems - removal of plaque, strengthening of enamel and treatment of bleeding gums, it is better to contact a dental clinic.