Every avid vacationer eagerly sees off the last winter days, and awaits the arrival of spring and warmth with trepidation. But the joy of future gardening works is overshadowed by memories of the endless weed control. How to become a winner in this unequal fight?
Effective folk methods of weed control
Often, for the destruction of weeds, gardeners choose safe folk methods. There are no unified recommendations, everyone chooses an acceptable option.
Excellent helps to cope with the problem at their summer cottage baking soda. It is enough to prepare a thick solution and carefully process the plants. The effect will not keep you waiting long - the weeds will gradually weaken and die.
One of the options would be the preparation of a soap-based solution that is detrimental to weeds. This will require:
- Rubbed soap.
Mix the ingredients in equal proportions and spray evenly throughout the area.
In the fight against harmful vegetation, ordinary table salt comes to help the cottagers. It is used both in dry form and diluted in warm water. Both of these methods are good.
Salt process paths, yard and those areas that are not used for planting cultivated plants.
- Salt is scattered on the plot at the rate of 1.5 kg of salt per 1 m². Make it better before the rain. The crystals will dissolve and penetrate the soil.
- Concentrated salt solution is sprayed with a spray bottle.
Gasoline and kerosene
Some summer residents consider kerosene to be a good way to remove weeds in beds with carrots and dill. It is destructive for weeds, but the carrot will not suffer. The treatment is carried out with the appearance of the first leaflets of the culture, at the rate of 100 grams of kerosene per 1 m².
Possible use and gasoline. However, when using should be extremely careful, and comply with safety measures with flammable means.
To prepare an effective solution, water and vinegar will be required in equal proportions. The plot is treated with a spray in a calm, warm weather. Getting on the leaves and stalks of weeds, vinegar solution affects them and contributes to the complete destruction.
The method will help before flowering, prevent seed ripening.
Ethyl alcohol and vodka
A month before the start of planting, you can use a solution containing alcohol. To this end, 95% ethanol is diluted with water at a ratio of 1:10 and the land is treated.
Often weeds are so many that some folk remedies and weeding can not do. And it is impossible to get rid of plants with a powerful root system, even if you plow the ground deep and manually select everything. In complicated cases, herbicides will come to the rescue of the summer resident. Tornado, Zero, Glyph, Sniper, Roundup, Hurricane Forte and many other very effective tools.
Herbicides have several advantages and stand out among other drugs:
- Facilitate manual labor.
- Duration of action does not depend on weather conditions.
- Quickly and effectively destroy weeds.
Herbicides have several disadvantages:
- When spraying poisonous to animals and insects.
- Effectively affect perennials.
- Act selectively.
- Chemical-sensitive cultivated plants cause stress easily.
- Ari repeated use in weeds produces resistance to a particular drug.
The use of herbicides is one of the most effective ways to control weeds. There are two types of drugs that are different in the spectrum of action:
- Herbicides selective action. Sent to the destruction of one type of weed, but useless to others.
- Herbicides of continuous action. Getting on the leaves of weeds, contribute to their drying for three weeks after treatment.
The use of herbicides is an excellent option for treating the lawn before sowing grass or garden beds before planting seedlings. They are effective on running sites.
It is possible to get rid of unnecessary vegetation on the summer cottage with the help of sideratov. These are plants that are planted for a short period. They are then mowed and used as mulch for the soil or for filling compost pits.
Landing on the summer cottage of siderats helps in solving a number of tasks:
- It inhibits the growth and development of weeds, prevents their growth,
- It contributes to the loosening of the soil and its intensive enrichment with oxygen,
- It optimizes soil acidity.
Sowing rye, mustard (the most famous sideratov) can be carried out at any time of the year, while additional fertilizers are not required. As a sidereal culture, any unrelated annual plant with a strong root system will do.
The use of various preparations based on effective microorganisms is an innovative technology in agronomy. They are used in the fight against weeds, except for plowing the soil.
Microorganisms, getting into the soil, ensure its fertility and preserve the ecology of the environment. The main advantages of their use:
- Low cost.
- Agri-ecological method.
Mechanical control measures are aimed at exhaustion, removal, freezing of weeds.
The result of mechanical methods of struggle depends on the timeliness and quality of the operation.
One of the traditional ways of dealing with weed vegetation that has been tested for centuries is hand weeding, which helps to permanently destroy the problem on small plots of land. Often, to facilitate handicraft, use a sickle or hoe.
It is easiest to do weeding immediately after rain or watering thoroughly. Weeds are easily removed from the damp ground along with the roots without damaging the cultivated plants.
One of the effective methods of weed control is soil mulching. As mulch is often used sawdust, dry grass, straw and other materials. Mulch is laid out on the surface of the soil.
- Promotes long-term preservation of moisture.
- Protects the roots of cultivated plants from frost.
- Optimizes soil acidity and improves its structure.
- Suppresses weeds.
- Protects plants from pests.
- Protects the crop from rotting.
Features remove weeds from different places
The use of certain methods is effective in some areas, but useless in others. What measures to take in different conditions, to forget about the "annoying neighbors"?
Country cottage area
We'll have to make a lot of effort to suburban area looked well-groomed all season.
The most effective way to destroy weeds is to manually remove the roots from the ground - timely weeding the entire plot. Removing perennials and obstructing their flowering will also help in weed control. The combined use of chemical and mechanical methods of struggle will give a positive result.
Before the formation of a lawn and planting on it of cultivated plants requires a thorough preparation of the soil. These measures will prevent the spread of weeds and help reduce the number of weed per season.
Get rid of annuals on the lawn is quite simple, just remove the entire root system from the ground. If they still germinated, it is necessary to weed more often, and to prevent the formation of seeds. If the lawn does not grow flowers, you can use the usual mowing. From the first time weeds will weaken, and the subsequent will allow to forget about them forever.
Mowing the lawn is useless in the fight against creeping weeds. To get rid of them forever requires complete suppression of the root system.
Weed control in potatoes are carried out in various ways:
- Crop rotation.
- Preseeding treatment.
- Mechanical tillage.
- Use of herbicides.
Herbicides, which include hizalofop-P-ethyl, perfectly cope with annual and perennial cereal weeds in potatoes, soybeans, and rapeseed. However, they do not have a phytotoxic effect during subsequent plantings on related crops.
The use of glyphosphate-containing herbicides with mechanical treatment of the land plot, made a week before the sprouting of potatoes, is also effective for weed control. When making the drug must take into account the peculiarity of the soil and adjust the rate.
The use of clean steam in the crop rotation also contributes to reducing the growth of weeds.
For the destruction of weeds in the cemetery any herbicides of continuous action based on glyphosphate will do. The solution is prepared according to the instructions on the package. Processing is carried out in such a way that the solution falls on the leaves and stems of plants. Within 1-2 weeks after treatment, the plants completely die.
Enhanced dose of herbicide can get rid of even small shrubs. However, to enhance the effect, it is necessary to treat the neighboring area.
Flower beds and greenhouses
Effective ways to control weeds in flowerbeds are:
- Soil mulching.
- Use of agrofibre.
- Planting ornamental ground cover plants.
- Remove young weeds.
Herbicides of systemic action are used here with great care, trying not to hurt when processing cultivated plants.
Is it possible to get rid of weeds forever
To get rid of annoying weeds is unlikely to succeed, because they grow not only in your area and are able to grow over a long distance. But the application on a regular basis of different methods, will allow to resist the problem qualitatively.
Common types of weeds in the summer cottage and garden
Perennial and annual weeds quickly appear and grow in summer cottages. Some species, their distribution and effective control measures are listed in the table.
Examples of common weeds, their life cycles and methods of reproduction
|Title||Life cycle||Mode of distribution||Methods of struggle|
|Field bindweed||Perennial||The roots|
|Field Thistle||Perennial||The roots|
An effective and safe weed control can be done at home. This will require 400 ml of white vinegar, 2 tbsp. spoons of citric acid, 30 ml of alcohol and 2 teaspoons of dishwashing detergent. Dilute the resulting solution with water in equal proportions and treat the weeds with a sprayer.
Universal siderata that prevent the growth of weeds, is a composition of rapeseed oil, oilseed radish and white mustard, taken in equal proportions. The plot is sown at the rate of 200 grams of seeds per one hundred square meters of land. The growth of these herbs not only contributes to the destruction of weeds, but also increases the fertility of the soil.