More and more people are interested in the history of Russia. More often, questions were asked about what our ancestors wore and how. For many, the meaning of the word "ohaben" is not familiar. This is a Russian word for garment from the 15th to the 18th centuries. Etymology associates it with the word "encase", which means embrace, embrace. The name of this item of clothing received, because wearing it, the sleeves remained free, and they were tied at the waist.
Ohaben is a variant of a long-haired caftan, the distinctive feature of which was the shape and length of the sleeves. In the sleeves in the armhole area there were long cuts. When the ohaben were worn, their hands were threaded into the sleeves and cuts, and the free-fall narrow sleeves were tied at the back. Special nodes were not. Despite the complex structure, there was no inconvenience. On the contrary, this option is practical sleeves.
The collar had the shape of a quadrangle on the type of folding. The size reached the middle of the back. The fastener was located in front, buttonholes fastened end to end.
Ohaben was considered outerwear for warm seasons. But there were models designed for the cold season. They were supplemented with pristyazhnimi collars made of fur of arctic fox, fox, beaver.
Outerwear of Ancient Russia
What men wore
In the cold season, men wore hats as hats. They were different styles of fur, wool. The felting method was often used. We met the same way:
- Caps from felt.
- Single order.
- Fur coat
Comfortable, practical, common clothing was a scroll - a variant of a long caftan. He did not close his boots, did not interfere with the movements. The quality of the fabric depended on the wealth of the owner.
Fur was used by representatives of different classes, most often it was sheepskin, beaver fur, hare, fox, and arctic fox.
They also wore a long cloak-like cape without sleeves, which was sewed from a cut of linen fabric.
What women wore
As outerwear, women put on the canvas. Used buttons from top to bottom. Over the head they put on warmpants, teprey, fur coats.
Short gophers wore rich and poor. For the price of fabric, decoration, and decoration, it was determined which class the woman belongs to. In addition, they wore odynoryki, fur coats in a cape.
In cold weather, women put on hats of different styles, trimmed with fur. Bright, colored scarves worn over fur hats.
At the age of 6 years, children in Russia did not have outer clothing. If the child had to leave the house during the cold season, the older siblings put on a fur coat.
A boy from 6 to 15 years old was getting a hoodie.
Clothing in Russia has long worn not only functional purpose. Slavs believed that it not only protects against bad weather, but also saves the owner from dark forces, evil eye, damage. She served as a talisman, so embroidery and jewelry protected from evil were considered amulets.
Interestingly, our ancestors did not sew children the decoration of new fabrics. Virtually all children's clothing was made from parents' used clothes. Slavs believed that it was the best talisman for children, so clothes for boys were sewn from father’s things, and for girls from mother’s things.
Studying the Russian national costume, you can learn a lot of interesting and useful from history. Everything in clothes was thought out and functional. This is what is often lacking in modern things. And if you look closely, the features of an old Russian caftan can be seen in some modern models of coats, raincoats. Fashionable capes also remotely resemble it.