Many young men and men want to work as pilots and fly passenger or cargo aircraft, but it is not easy to become a professional pilot. The profession is very responsible, the pilot has no right to make a mistake, it is on his actions and decisions that the life of the passengers and the safety of the cargo depend.
Where and how long to study
Who wants to learn this profession, can enroll in a flight school or a school of private pilots. This specialty concerns “technical exploitation”, therefore secondary specialized education is sufficient. But educational institutions require a lot of applicants, so they come to the unit.
- Omsk Flight Technical College. Lyapidevskogo.
- Sasov Flight School named. Hero of the USSR Taran.
- Buguruslan flight school to them. Hero of the USSR Eromasov.
- Ulyanovsk Institute. Marshal Bugaev, etc.
The duration of training in flight schools is 5 years on the basis of incomplete secondary education, on the basis of secondary special - two years and ten months, in private schools 40-45 days.
What the cost of studying
The cost of studying in private schools is approximately 45,000 rubles for a theory course and 12,000 rubles per hour for practice. In this case, the graduate should be 40 hours of flight time.
At Aeroflot in the flight center of Florida (USA), the duration of initial training is 4.5 months, costing $ 55,000, excluding air travel, visas, meals. After successful training, the graduate receives a pilot license sample of USA. The second part of the training takes place at the Aeroflot flight school for about six months. For the second course will have to pay about $ 30,000.
In the Chelyabinsk Flight School, training under this program costs from 2 to 3 million rubles.
In many state flying institutions you can study for free.
What documents are needed
It is necessary to submit to the selection committee:
- school certificate, diploma of a secondary special institution or university;
- to pass the medical commission of VLEK and professional and psychological selection;
- provide a certificate of vaccination;
- help from a narcologist and a psychiatrist;
- six photos (3x4 cm).
You must have a passport, military ID or a certificate from the military registration and enlistment office about the military obligation.
Indications for health and medical board
Pilots have high health requirements. This is due to the beyond psychological and physical stress. The work is very responsible and technically difficult, so not everyone can become a pilot.
- Mental diseases (schizophrenia, psychopathy, neurosis).
- Narcological diseases (drug addiction, alcoholism).
- Diseases of the brain and spinal cord.
- Neuropsychiatric disorders.
- Deviations of the nervous system.
- Obesity II and higher.
- Diseases of the endocrine system.
- Pulmonary tuberculosis.
- Diseases of the respiratory system.
- Arterial hypertension.
- Heart Disease.
- Diseases of the stomach and digestive tract.
- Diseases of the liver, gallbladder, pancreas.
- Infection and parasitic invasion.
- Blood diseases.
- Kidney disease.
- Diseases of the joints and connective tissue.
- Tuberculosis and fungal infections of the lymph nodes.
- Diseases of bones, muscles, joints, cartilage and tendons, defects, scars from burns and frostbite.
- Benign tumors that disrupt the functioning of organs and impede movement.
- Vices and diseases of the chest and diaphragm, the consequences of surgical interventions and injuries.
- Diseases and defects of the esophagus.
- Abnormalities and damage to the abdominal wall, abdominal organs.
- Vices, diseases and damage to blood vessels.
- Inflammation of the urinary organs.
- Urolithiasis disease.
- Vices, injuries, diseases of the urinary organs.
- Skin and venereal diseases (leprosy, lymphoma, psoriasis, eczema, collagenosis).
- Sexually transmitted diseases (syphilis, gonorrhea, etc.), AIDS.
- Female diseases (defects, diseases of the genital organs, endometriosis, effects of childbirth and operations), pregnancy.
- Eye diseases (conjunctivitis, lacrimal organs, tear ducts, eyeball, trauma, glaucoma, dichromasia, trichromasia, strabismus).
- Reduced vision (less than 1.0).
- Refraction with hyperopia more than 1.0 D, myopia 0.5 D, astigmatism + (-) 0.5 D, anisometropia more than 1.0 D.
- Accommodation disturbance - presbyopia in st. more than 4.0 D.
- Diseases of the ear, throat, nose, mouth, jaw.
- Hearing loss in one ear to the perception of speech frequencies (500, 1000, 2000 Hz) from 20 dB to 30 dB at 4000 Hz to 65 dB, while recognizing quiet speech at a distance of 2 meters, with good hearing of the other ear at speech frequencies ( 500, 1000, 2000 Hz) up to 10 dB, at a frequency of 4000 Hz up to 50 dB and recognition of quiet speech at a distance of up to 5 meters.
- Defects of speech.
The pilots are almost equal to astronauts, so they must have excellent health.
For this category of pilots, the following types of VLEK for civil aviation pilots are provided:
- for applicants and students of flight schools (the most demanding);
- for those who have a certificate of the pilot of the GA;
- for enrolling in a flight school or ATC under the private pilot program.
How to become a pilot in 30 years
There are no age restrictions for those who wish to master this profession. But you need to consider if you already have an education that you received for free, then you will have to pay for the next one.
Whether the airline will take 30 years or more depends on:
- shortage and oversupply of personnel in the market;
- quality training.
Many companies are suspicious of "adult graduates" and take the pilots younger. To be competitive, you must be better prepared than other candidates.
Must be immaculate health, you must be fit for military service. Otherwise, the medical board will reject you.
The crisis in the industry
Now there is no big excitement on the pilots, as it was a few years ago. The media often talk about the shortage of personnel in the airlines, but in reality this applies only to the commanding staff. There are a lot of applicants for the position of co-pilot.
How to get a job after training
If you are completely healthy, have a high professional training, 150 hours flying time and a pilot certificate, then theoretically you can get a job in any specialty in any airline.
In fact, to fly on large airliners, you need more flying time - 1500 hours.
What to do?
In the Russian Federation more than 60 airlines. The first thing you need to pay attention to the small carrier companies that carry out domestic flights, there is easier to get a job. Starting to serve, get experience and fly hours.
How many pilots receive in Russian airlines
The average salary of civilian pilots in the Russian Federation is about 140,000 rubles. In megacities - from 112,000 to 500,000 rubles. The smaller the city, the lower the earnings. In Samara, Orenburg or Ulan-Ude, it is approximately 80,000 rubles.
The pilot of Aeroflot gets around 400,000 rubles. Attached is a large list of benefits (medical care, including members of his family, payment for accommodation in host cities, social package up to 300,000 rubles, etc.).
In addition, the pilot's salary changes during the year, because it depends on the hours of the raid. The more flights, the higher the salary.
Where is the best place to study for an airplane pilot in Europe and how much does it cost
First of all, when choosing a place of study in Europe, you need to pay attention to the financial component. Education in the UK or Germany is 2-3 times more expensive than in Spain, the Czech Republic, Lithuania or Poland. It all depends on the school. Business education will cost € 30,000 (this does not include accommodation, food, other expenses). The high price is due to many reasons:
- the cost of aircraft;
- airport fees;
- individual training program, etc.
For example, studying in the UK at the famous Oxford Aviation Academy costs about € 142,000. But after completing the course, all the necessary international ratings will be on hand, which will make it possible to work in almost any global company. Not everyone has this amount, so you can choose a school with a lower cost, and the service will not be worse, only the popularity of the institution is somewhat less. The cost of studying in Spain is lower (40 000 - 80 000 €), but there are ideal conditions for flying, as the weather is excellent all year round.
In Eastern Europe, most schools have a Russian student education program and the cost of education is lower. In the Czech Republic, Lithuania and Latvia are excellent schools that teach civilian pilots at the highest level. Education fully meets EU standards. After completing the course, you will receive a European-style license, it will differ only in the issuing country.
There are many different professions in the world. The best representatives of the younger generation choose this worthy of real men, a prestigious, sought-after and highly paid, but responsible specialty. A pilot in difficult situations should not panic and make the right decisions on which the lives of passengers depend. Good health, physical and mental stamina, will help in solving emergency situations.
The pilot's profession is difficult and technically - you must possess scientific knowledge in order to properly evaluate the parameters of the flight. A candidate for pilots should have a lightning reaction and quick wit, good health, and an excellent education.