Kurdistan is located in the southwest of Western Asia. Kurdistan is not a state, it is an ethnographic territory located in 4 different countries: in eastern Turkey, western Iran, northern Iraq and northern Syria.
Religion and language
Representatives of nationality profess several different faiths. The largest part of the Kurds belong to the Islamic religion, but among them are Alawites, Shiites, Christians. Approximately 2 million people of nationality identify themselves with the pre-Islamic faith, which is called "Yezidism" and call themselves Yezidis. But, despite the various religions, representatives of the people call Zoroastrianism as their true faith.
Some facts about the Yezidis:
- This is the oldest people of Mesopotamia. They communicate in a special language Kurmanji, Kurdish.
- Any Yezidi is born from the father of a Kurd Yezidi, and every respectable woman can become a mother.
- Religion is practiced not only by Yezidi Kurds, but also by other representatives of Kurdish nationality.
- Yezidis can be considered all ethnic Kurds who profess this faith.
Sunnism is the predominant branch of Islam. Who are the Sunni Kurds? This religion is religion, which is based on "Sunna" - a certain set of principles and rules, which are based on the model of the life of the Prophet Muhammad.
Territory of residence
The Kurds are the largest nation with the status of "national minorities". Exact data on their number is not available. Various sources have controversial figures: from 13 to 40 million people.
They live in Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Iran, Russia, Turkmenistan, Germany, France, Sweden, the Netherlands, Britain, Austria and other countries.
The essence of the conflict with the Turks
This is a conflict between the Turkish authorities and the soldiers of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, which is fighting for the creation of autonomy within the Turkish state. Its beginning dates back to 1989, and lasts to this day.
At the beginning of the 20th century, this nation was considered the largest in number, which does not have a personal state. The Sevres Peace Agreement signed in 1920 provides for the establishment of an autonomous Kurdistan in Turkey. But it never entered into force. After the Lausanne Agreement was signed, it was canceled altogether. In the period of 1920-1930, the Kurds rebelled against the Turkish government, but the struggle was unsuccessful.
The policies of Russia and Turkey are similar in their desire to build relations free from the power of the hegemon. Together, these two states contribute to the reconciliation of Syria. However, Washington supplies weapons to the formation of Kurds located in Syria, which Ankara calls terrorist. In addition, the White House does not want to give a former preacher, a public figure, Fethullah Gulen, who lives in voluntary exile in the state of Pennsylvania. He is being indicted by the Turkish authorities in an attempted coup d'état. Turkey threatens to take "possible measures" against its NATO ally.